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Background Studies, Volume -4 | Education, Health, Poverty and Social Inclusiveness

August 3, 2022

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Background Studies, Volume -3 | Agriculture, Land Management and Urbanization

August 3, 2022

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Background Studies, Volume -2 | Trade and Industry

August 3, 2022

The preparation of Eighth Five Year Plan (8FYP) was commissioned in 2019. Initially, a ‘National Steering Committee’ was formed under the chairmanship of the Hon’ble Minister of Planning to oversight the preparation of the plan. A Panel of Economists’, under the chairmanship of Dr. Wahiduddin Mahmud, was also formed comprising luminous Bangladeshi economists, sociologists, educationalists and experts on relevant filds, who gave continuous support in shaping the 8FYP. In this important initiative, General Economics Division (GED) ensured partnership of all the ministries/divisions/agencies, policy makers, academia, civil society organizations, NGOs, development partners, thinktanks and thought leaders in formulating this plan. A total of twenty (20) background studies were conducted with the help of the eminent experts in their respective filds. As GED is going to publish the background studies in 05 volumes, it would like to exert its gratitude to all the stakeholders involved.

  • Published by: General Economics Division
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Background Studies, Volume -1|Financial Sector, Investment Climate, ICT and Governance

August 3, 2022

The preparation of Eighth Five Year Plan (8FYP) was commissioned in 2019. Initially, a ‘National Steering Committee' was formed under the chairmanship of the Hon’ble Minister of Planning to oversight the preparation of the plan. A Panel of Economists’, under the chairmanship of Dr. Wahiduddin Mahmud, was also formed comprising luminous Bangladeshi economists, sociologists, educationalists and experts on relevant filds, who gave continuous support in shaping the 8FYP. In this important initiative, General Economics Division (GED) ensured partnership of all the inistries/divisions/agencies, policymakers, academia, civil society organizations, NGOs, development partners, thinktanks and thought leaders in formulating this plan. A total of twenty (20) background studies were conducted with the help of the eminent experts in their respective filds. As GED is going to publish the background studies in 05 volumes, it would like to exert its gratitude to all the stakeholders involved.

  • Published by: General Economics Division
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Monograph 6: Population Management Issues

August 2, 2022

Population goals have been reset at 3 zeros-zero 'unmet need' for FP and SRH, zero preventable maternal mortality, and zero gender-based violence and harmful practices. Bangladesh has a well-recognized history of achievements on population goals but near-term trends underscore the complexity of 'last mile' challenges. Significant service disruptions during the Covid-19 pandemic have exposed the systemic weaknesses of FP and SRH services. Compounding such weaknesses are conflicting policy signals on population goals one of whose unintended consequences has been a decay in the field presence of the family planning workforce. A systemic vacuum in urban primary healthcare and lack of government oversight over the dominant role of the private sector in FP and MNCH also serve as critical barriers to realizing the commitments for 3 zeroes. Policy and action priorities derived from an effective reading of ground realities are a strategic urgency. The approach has to be one of the phased action plans, innovative engagement with key stakeholders including the youth, and policy advocacy to establish broad policy buy-in

  • Published by: General Economics Division
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Background Studies of 8FYP, Volume -5

July 31, 2022

Bangladesh has achieved impressive success in many developmental indicators in the recent past. The country has already achieved the status of a lower middle-income country and set an ambitious goal of reaching the upper middle-income status by 2030. Endowed with young demography, children aged 0-17 constitute 36 percent of the total population in Bangladesh. According to BBS (2015), the share of children (0-14) accounts for about 30 percent of the total population in 2018. This large number of children will join the workforce in the coming decades and play a vital role in the country’s achievement of its national goals, such as Vision 2041. Therefore, ensuring children’s well-being and upholding their rights must be considered national priorities in Bangladesh. The country’s commitment to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and various national development strategies such as the five-year plans also require that attention is given to preserving child rights and ensuring their security and protection from all forms of violence, disease, and abuse.

  • Published by: General Economics Divsion
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Training Needs and Capacity Assessment of Bangladesh Planning Commission

July 25, 2022

Training Needs and Capacity Assessment (TN&CA) study conducted across the Sector Divisions (SDs) of Bangladesh Planning Commission (BPC) is the first and inimitable attempt to assess the capacity and skill of the SDs for effiently handling the sectoral performance. It is accomplished under the project “Strengthening the Capacity of Development Planning Superstructure for Achieving the Developed Country Status (1st Revised)” being implemented by General Economics Division (GED). The report has portrayed the present status of training organized by the SDs and identified the future needs for capacity enhancement and skill development of the individual officers and the SDs as a whole. Findings of the assessment, as encapsulated in this report, have provided guidelines with regard to the issues pertaining to skill development and categorized future training plan of the SDs. The report has identified the gaps in the training with an objective of sustainability.

  • Published by: GENERAL ECONOMICS DIVISION
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PAYING FORWARD AND INVESTING IN CHILDREN NOW | Demographic changes in Bangladesh Trends and policy implications

July 24, 2022

The shift from a high mortality and high fertility society to a low mortality and low fertility society is a positive development and a great achievement for Bangladesh
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  • Published by: GENERAL ECONOMICS DIVISION
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THE SITUATION OF CHILDREN IN BANGLADESH

July 24, 2022

The Situation of Children in Bangladesh (SiTan) in the Context of Eight Five-Year Plan of Bangladesh Bangladesh has made significant strides in its quest for growth and economic development. The average growth rate over the last ten years has been among the fastest in the world at 5.2 percent (year-on-year). The country’s GDP per capita touched the 1,000 USD milestone in 2014 and rose to 1,906 USD in 2019. Recent figures showed that Bangladesh had the highest Global GDP growth projection for 2020 – outshining its neighbors in South and South East Asia.
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  • Published by: GENERAL ECONOMICS DIVISION
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CHILDREN ON THE MOVE: A RAPID ASSESSMENT AND POLICY ISSUES FOR BANGLADESH

July 21, 2022

The ever-growing phenomenon of children on the move has become a matter of concern across the world. Most of these children are deprived of their rights which are enshrined in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC). Although there exist definitional divergences, these children are generally those who are international or internal migrants, internally displaced or asylum seeking or refugees. 1 It is estimated that about 50 million children are on the move worldwide. 2 This figure is likely to be hugely underestimated, as it considers only those who have migrated across borders or been forcibly displaced within their own countries due to violence and conflicts, and does not take into consideration other factors in the movement of children.
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  • Published by: General Economics Division
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SOCIAL PROTECTION FOR CHILDREN IN A CHANGING DEMOGRAPHIC

July 21, 2022

Social Protection for Children in a Changing Demographic Despite the high levels of poverty and non-monetary deprivations among children, social protection coverage for children is low and disproportionate compared to other age groups. Given the high level of deprivations and return to investment in early years of life is highest, Bangladesh must revisit its SP system to achieve an appropriate balance.

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  • Published by: General Economics Division
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WOMEN AND CHILD-FRIENDLY URBAN SERVICES: THE GOVERNANCE

July 21, 2022

Bangladesh faces a critical challenge is rapidly urbanizing, of transforming its cities into drivers of equitable economic opportunities and quality living. This emerging urban landscape is particularly challenging for women and children, who face endemic structural and social inequities in their access to urban services, as well as in their routine social and economic existence. The governance challenges in improving urban services are both entrenched and poorly comprehended. An innovative governance framework, and the juxtaposition of beneficial and provider perspectives, can serve to identify the promising pathways for women and child-friendly urban services.
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  • Published by: General Economics Division
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Assessing the Feasibility of Instituting Blue Bond in Bangladesh

June 8, 2022

This report critically evaluates the possibility of promoting the blue economy in Bangladesh through the issuance of blue bonds. The report discusses the blue economy, sustainable and innovative financing strategies, and sustainable bonds for sustainable financing, especially blue bonds. Besides, it explains the opportunities and challenges to initiate the blue bond in the bond market of Bangladesh. In the end, the report proposes required policy actins to introduce blue bonds in the bond market of Bangladesh to finance ocean-based projects and support a sustainable blue economy in the country.

  • Published by: General Economics Division (GED)
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Revised Mapping of Ministries/Divisions and Custodian Partner Agencies for SDG Implementation in Bangladesh

May 16, 2022

The first mapping handbook “Mapping of Ministries by Targets in the implementation of SDGs aligning with 7th Five Year Plan (2016-20)” was first published in September 2016. This document has been revised mainly for four reasons- 1. Global Indicator Framework has been revisited drastically by the UNSD; 2. A number of ministries have been divided into several divisions; 3. Goal-wise coordinating ministry/division has been assigned by the PMO; 4. this mapping is also warranted to be synced with the custodianship of the international agencies as they can provide us with expertise from around the globe in debunking metadata and generation of new data. See the full document here- Revised Mapping of Ministries/Divisions and Custodian/Partner Agencies for SDG Implementation in Bangladesh

  • Published by: General Economics Division (GED)
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8th Five Year Plan (English Version)

April 15, 2022

The preparatory process of the Eighth Five Year Plan is marked by the infestation of the major global catastrophe ‘COVID-19’, which has caused consequential economic conundrum across the world. The Eighth Five Year Plan is unique compared to its preceding two plans as it blends the COVID-19 recovery strategies in the macroeconomic framework as well as developing sectoral strategies in the plan. The government was in strong favor of the continuation of the Five Year Plan instead of formulating a separate COVID-19 response plan as discontinuation of the Five Year Plan could slow down the ongoing development initiatives of the government, which are extremely essential to face the challenges of LDC graduation, to meet the targets of SDGs and to fulfill the aspiration of the Vision 2041. Besides, the implementation of the Perspective Plan (PP) 2021-2041 is envisaged in four ‘Five Year Plans’; the first quinquennium starts with the Eighth Five Year Plan. Hence, the main objective of the Eighth Five Year Plan is to start the implementation of PP2021-2041 in a way that brings Bangladesh closer to the goals of achieving UMIC status by 2031 and attaining SDGs targets through managing the challenges of LDC graduation, which will also help to eliminate extreme poverty by 2031.

  • Published by: GED
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8th Five Year Plan July 2020 – June 2025

August 17, 2021

PP2041 এর বাস্তবায়ন চার পাঁচ বছরের ধাপে কল্পনা করা হয়েছে। প্রথম পর্ব 8FYP দিয়ে শুরু হয়। সুতরাং, 8FYP এর প্রধান কাজ হল PP2041 এর বাস্তবায়ন শুরু করা যাতে এটি বাংলাদেশকে নিয়ে আসে ইউএমআইসি মর্যাদা অর্জন, প্রধান এসডিজি লক্ষ্য অর্জন এবং চরম দারিদ্র্য দূরীকরণের লক্ষ্যের কাছাকাছি FY2031 দ্বারা।

  • Published by: GED
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PERSPECTIVE PLAN OF BANGLADESH 2021-2041

August 17, 2021

the government has adopted Vision 2041 that is a continuation of Digital Bangladesh Vision 2021 and seeks to take the nation to the development path dreamt by Bangabandhu. Specifically, Vision 2041 seeks to eliminate extreme poverty and reach Upper Middle-Income Country (UMIC) status by 2031, and High-Income Country (HIC) status by 2041 with poverty approaching extinction. To convert Vision 2041 into a development strategy, with policies and programmes, this document launches ‘Making Vision 2041 a Reality: Perspective Plan of Bangladesh 2021-2041’ (PP2041). The PP2041 builds on the successes of PP2021, while also drawing on the good practice experiences of current UMICs and HICs that have already travelled the development path that Bangladesh is endeavouring to travel.

  • Published by: GED
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BDP 2100 Volume 2 Investment Plan Part 3 Appendix I Project Costs and Benefits Analysis

February 22, 2021

The Government of Bangladesh has initiated the Bangladesh Delta Plan 2100 (Delta Plan or BDP2100) to define a long-term vision for Bangladesh’s development. The Delta Plan links Bangladesh’s medium-term goal to become an upper middle income country with its long-term goals to manage water, ecology, environment, and land resources sustainably. Given its deep experience with managing delta issues, the Government of the Netherlands is providing technical assistance to the Government of Bangladesh for the formulation of the Delta Plan. The General Economics Division (GED) of the Planning Commission is coordinating consultant inputs from BanDuDeltAS (Team A) and Policy Research Institute (Team B) to develop the Delta Plan.

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BDP 2100 Volume 2 Investment Plan Part 1 The Plan

February 22, 2021

The Bangladesh Delta Plan (BDP) 2100 is a long-term, integrated, and holistic vision of water and land management throughout Bangladesh. It aims to support the country’s long-term development in the face of the opportunities and risks that emerge from the interface between water, climate change, and human activity4. Bangladesh has made great strides in development under the Sixth Five Year Plan (FY2010–FY2015), and aspires to build on this momentum to reach upper middle-income country status and eliminate extreme poverty

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Ending Extreme Poverty in Bangladesh During the Seventh Five Year Plan: Trends, Drivers and Policies Background Paper for the Preparation of the Seventh Five Year Plan

February 22, 2021

The present paper examines this positive poverty reduction experience and points to the need for undertaking further action to ending extreme poverty forever. Accordingly, the paper is structured in nine sections.

  • Published by: GED
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