The General Economics Division (GED), in cooperation with UNFPA, has conducted this study on sexual and reproductive health needs and budgetary implication in collaboration with the Bureau of Economic Research (BER), University of Dhaka. The study has given effort to find out information about Demographic transition and Potential of Demographic Dividend for Bangladesh, reproductive health scenario of Bangladesh, efforts and spending for RH services in the country and finally investment required for RH Services in Bangladesh to harness the demographic dividend.
Bangladesh ICPD 1994-2014 Country Report
In this report, the country level implementation status and commitments made in ICPD 1994 are reviewed and assessed. The gaps and barrier to implementation, factors facilitating implementation and new priorities or emerging issues are also identified. To accelerate the process to achieve the expected goals with respect to areas where implementation is lagging behind, the feasible steps and opportunities are highlighted. In order to renew the commitment and ownership for the Cairo Agenda, the goals achieved and the tasks lagging behind are identified and the steps necessary to attain a sustainable system are proposed. Bangladesh has made remarkable progress in different sectors since the adoption of International Conference on Population and Development Programme of Action in 1994.
Creation of planning commission
Rapid improvement of living standard of the masses was the prime goal of Bangladesh liberation struggle in 1971. This vision for higher living standard for the masses has been enshrined in the Bangladesh Constitution. The state of Bangladesh through its Constitution (article-15) committed to a higher living standard for its people by providing basic needs to all its citizens through planned development. With this objective of planned development for the country, the Bangladesh Planning Commission was established in January 1972.The Bangladesh Planning Commission had its roots in pre-independence Bangladesh. In the mid-1950s a Provincial Planning Board was established under the United Front Government of the then East Pakistan (present Bangladesh).